Extended Metaphor - Examples and Definition

 

extended metaphor examples in literature

Jul 25,  · An extended metaphor is a common literary device used as a comparison between two, unlike things that are commonly used in descriptive prose or poetry. Sometimes, it is just a sentence or two, or sometimes it can be even longer, lasting a paragraph or more. This literary term is also known as a "conceit" or a "mega-metaphor.". Extended metaphors are literary devices that are used as a way of carrying forth a set metaphor to great heights. It is through extended metaphor examples that a clear understanding of this concept can be better achieved. In the following sections, we will explain what extended metaphors are, and how they are used in different shithtolesa.cf: Rujuta Borkar. Examples of Extended Metaphors. We couldn't discuss metaphors without enjoying a few samples from poetry and literature. Poetry is, essentially, painting with words. Writers are able to conjure beautiful images in the readers' eyes and a good, strong extended metaphor is a surefire way to paint with eloquence. Poetry Examples.


Extended Metaphor in Literature


An extended metaphor is a metaphor that unfolds across multiple lines or even paragraphs of a text, making use of multiple interrelated metaphors within an overarching one. So while "life is a highway" is a simple metaphor, it becomes an extended metaphor when you say: "Life is a highway that takes us through green pastures, vast deserts, and rocky mountains. Sometimes your car breaks down or you run out of gas, and sometimes you get lost.

Friends are the roadmaps that help you get where you're going. Here's how to pronounce extended metaphor: ex- tend -id met -uh-fore. All metaphors can extended metaphor examples in literature broken down into two elements: a tenor and a vehicle. For instance, in the metaphor " Life is a highway ," life is the tenor because it's the thing being described, while "highway" is the vehicle because it's the thing life is being compared to.

The metaphor operates by borrowing key attributes from the vehicle and attributing them to the tenor. The "Life is a highway" metaphor takes the attributes of a highway—including its association with journeys, adventures, speed, and the fact that we all travel them side-by-side—and connects them extended metaphor examples in literature life.

Extended metaphors have a main tenor and vehicle that make up the overarching or primary metaphor, but they also make use of other tenors and vehicles as the metaphor becomes more elaborate. Let's continue to use the example from above:. Life is a highway that takes us through green pastures, extended metaphor examples in literature, vast deserts, and rocky mountains. Within the overarching metaphor extended metaphor examples in literature "life is a highway," several other metaphors make up the extended metaphor, and each one has its own tenor and vehicle : the various stages of life are like the varied landscapes of a large country; the challenges of life are like car troubles ; friends are like road maps.

People often use the term extended metaphor to refer to things that aren't actually extended metaphors. Here are a couple things that people often—and understandably—confuse for extended metaphors:. Conceit is a term that is similar to extended metaphor. In fact, conceit is often used as a synonym for metaphor—and to use it in that way is perfectly correct.

However, extended metaphor examples in literature, conceit also has another, slightly more complicated definition. Here's a quick run-down of the two different ways the terms can be used:.

The following examples of extended metaphors are taken from literature, music, and speeches, showing just how prevalent extended metaphors are in all sorts of writing.

Robert Frost's famous poem is an example of an extended metaphor in which the tenor or the thing being spoken about is never stated explicitly—but it's clear that the poet is using the road less traveled as a metaphor for leading an unconventional way of life. The entire poem, then, is an extended metaphor. Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth.

Then took the other, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same. And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black. Oh, I kept the first for another day!

Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.

This passage, spoken by the character Jaques in Shakespeare's As You Like Ithas become rather famous for its initial metaphor of "All the world's a stage. Over all, the lines develop an extended metaphor of remarkable breadth. They have their exits and their entrances, And one man in his time plays many parts, His acts being seven ages. At first, the infant, Mewling and puking in the nurse's arms Last scene of all, That ends this strange eventful history, Is second childishness and mere oblivion, Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.

To analyze just one part of this extended metaphor, in the final sentence Jaques speaks of the "last scene of all," referencing death—when each of us "plays the part" of someone who has regressed to a childlike state, having lost everything: teeth, vision, taste, and, finally, life. Romeo delivers this monologue in Act 2, Scene 2 of Romeo and Julietafter sneaking into Juliet's garden and catching a glimpse of her on her balcony. Romeo compares Juliet to a radiant sun, and then extends the metaphor by entreating her to "kill the envious moon.

But, soft! It is the east, and Juliet is the sun. Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon, Who is already sick and pale with grief, That thou her maid art far more fair than she: Be not her maid, since she is envious; Her vestal livery is but sick and green And none but fools do wear it; cast it off.

The moon is used here as a symbol of virginity, so when Romeo states that Juliet is the moon's maid, he means that she's still a virgin, and when he entreats her to "kill the moon" and "cast off" its vestal livery a garment worn by virginshe's suggesting that she should part with her virginity.

The metaphor of the sun Juliet killing the moon her virginity works because the sun can be said to "kill the moon" each day—in the sense that its bright light drowns out the light of the moon in the sky, making it invisible. In "Firework," Perry uses an extended metaphor to compare a firework to an inner "spark" of resilience which, in the context of the song, stands in opposition to the dreary experience of life and the difficulty of communicating with others. Here's an excerpt of the lyrics that captures the extended metaphor in action:.

The following quote from Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream" speech is a clear example of extended metaphor, as MLK builds upon the initial metaphor of "cashing a check" in each successive sentence:. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds.

We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. And so, we've come to cash this check, a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. Writers use extended metaphors for many of the same reasons they use metaphors in general:. Sign In Sign Up.

Extended Metaphor Definition. Extended Metaphor Examples. Extended Metaphor Function. Extended Metaphor Resources. LitCharts Teacher Editions. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Detailed explanations, extended metaphor examples in literature, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. The original text plus a side-by-side modern translation of every Shakespeare play. LitCharts From the creators of SparkNotes, something better.

Download this entire guide PDF. Extended Metaphor Definition What is an extended metaphor? Some additional key details about extended metaphors: Extended metaphors are distinguished from regular metaphors by their complexity or how many different metaphors they contain as well as their length.

Extended metaphors can span an entire story or poem, or just a few clauses of the same sentence. As in a regular metaphor, the comparisons created in an extended metaphor are not meant to be taken literally. For instance, nobody is suggesting that life is literally a highway when extended metaphor examples in literature use that common metaphor. Rather, extended metaphors are figurative —they create meaning beyond the literal meanings of their words.

The terms "conceit" and "extended metaphor" can be used interchangeably, though "conceit" is also sometimes used in an even more specialized way than "extended extended metaphor examples in literature is, extended metaphor examples in literature.

Extended Metaphor Pronunciation Here's how to pronounce extended metaphor: ex- tend -id met -uh-fore Extended Metaphors in Depth All metaphors can be broken down into two elements: a tenor and a vehicle. The tenor is the thing a metaphor describes. The vehicle is the thing to which the tenor is compared. The Structure of Extended Metaphors Extended metaphors have a main tenor and extended metaphor examples in literature that make up the overarching or primary metaphor, but they also make use of other tenors and vehicles as the metaphor becomes more elaborate.

Let's continue to use the example from above: Life is a highway that takes us through green pastures, vast deserts, and rocky mountains. Extended Metaphor and Related Terms People often use the term extended metaphor to refer to things that aren't actually extended metaphors. Here are a couple things that people often—and understandably—confuse for extended metaphors: Recurring metaphors: An extended metaphor is not just a single metaphor that repeats throughout a text.

For instance, in Shakespeare's Othellothe image of a monster is used several times throughout the book as a metaphor for jealousy, extended metaphor examples in literature. The repeated use of the same metaphor in multiple places throughout a text does not make it an example of an extended metaphor; an extended metaphor must contain different tenors and vehicles, that together fit into the metaphor of the overarching tenor and vehicle.

Symbolism: Symbolism is a literary device in which a writer uses one thing—usually a physical object or phenomenon—to represent something more abstract. A famous example of a symbol in literature occurs in To Kill a Mockingbirdwhen Atticus tells his children Jem and Scout that it's a sin to kill a mockingbird because mockingbirds cause no harm to anyone; they just sing. Because of these traits, mockingbirds in the novel symbolize innocence extended metaphor examples in literature beauty, while killing a mockingbird symbolizes an act of senseless cruelty.

Although it might seem like this constitutes an extended metaphor, extended metaphor examples in literature, it doesn't, extended metaphor examples in literature.

The main reason is that the story about the mockingbird is supposed to be literally true—it's not a figurative use of language to illustrate or describe something else. Furthermore, in stories that use symbolism, writers don't clearly state what a symbol represents, whereas in metaphor they typically do, making it clear that the use of language is actually figurative.

Allegories: An allegory is a story in which essentially every character and event have symbolic meanings, extended metaphor examples in literature. The main difference between an allegory and an extended metaphor is that, in allegories, writers don't clearly state what each character or event represents, whereas in a metaphor they typically would, extended metaphor examples in literature, making it clear that the use of language is figurative.

Also, metaphors state or imply that one thing is another thing, while in allegories as with symbolism more generallyone thing might stand for another thing, but it isn't said to actually be that other thing. Extended Metaphor and Conceit Conceit is a term that is similar to extended metaphor. Here's a quick run-down of the two different ways the terms can be used: Conceit can be a synonym for extended metaphor: Most often, conceit is used interchangeably with extended metaphor to describe any metaphor or analogy that spans a longer passage in a work of literature.

Conceit can refer to a particularly fanciful or even strained extended metaphor: However, extended metaphor examples in literature, for some people and literary critics in particular the word conceit carries the connotation of a fanciful or elaborate extended metaphor in which an unlikely, far-fetched, or strained comparison is made between two things. The term is most often used to refer to such metaphors in Renaissance literature and the poetry of the 17th century extended metaphor examples in literature as "metaphysical poetry".

To extended metaphor examples in literature more about this definition, take a look at our entry on conceit. Extended Metaphor Examples The following examples of extended metaphors are taken from literature, music, and speeches, showing just how prevalent extended metaphors are in all sorts of writing.

Extended Metaphor in Frost's "The Road Not Taken" Robert Frost's famous poem is an example of an extended metaphor in which the tenor or the thing being spoken about is never stated explicitly—but it's clear that the poet is using the road less traveled as a metaphor for leading an unconventional way of life. Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, extended metaphor examples in literature, as just as fair, And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that the passing there Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black.

Extended Metaphor in Romeo and Juliet Romeo delivers this monologue in Act 2, Scene 2 of Romeo and Julietafter sneaking into Juliet's garden and catching a glimpse of her on her balcony. Extended Metaphor in Katy Perry's "Firework" In "Firework," Perry uses an extended metaphor to compare a firework to an inner "spark" of resilience which, in the context of the song, stands in opposition to the dreary experience of life and the difficulty of communicating with others.

Extended metaphor examples in literature an excerpt of the lyrics that captures the extended metaphor in action: Do you know that there's still a chance for you? Writers use extended metaphors for many of the same reasons they use metaphors in general: To explain or describe an abstract concept in vivid and memorable terms.

To help the reader make a new, insightful connection between two different entities that might not have seemed related. To help communicate personal or imaginary experiences in terms to which readers can relate.

 

Extended Metaphor Examples from Literature

 

extended metaphor examples in literature

 

Jul 25,  · An extended metaphor is a common literary device used as a comparison between two, unlike things that are commonly used in descriptive prose or poetry. Sometimes, it is just a sentence or two, or sometimes it can be even longer, lasting a paragraph or more. This literary term is also known as a "conceit" or a "mega-metaphor.". Extended metaphors are literary devices that are used as a way of carrying forth a set metaphor to great heights. It is through extended metaphor examples that a clear understanding of this concept can be better achieved. In the following sections, we will explain what extended metaphors are, and how they are used in different shithtolesa.cf: Rujuta Borkar. Examples of Extended Metaphors. We couldn't discuss metaphors without enjoying a few samples from poetry and literature. Poetry is, essentially, painting with words. Writers are able to conjure beautiful images in the readers' eyes and a good, strong extended metaphor is a surefire way to paint with eloquence. Poetry Examples.