How to Write an Introduction for a Psychology Paper

 

how to write a good introduction for a paper

Jun 27,  · Every research paper needs context so that readers can understand why you have created it. This is exactly what you can do in your research paper introduction. Of course, this can mean that your introduction is the hardest part of paper to write first. So, it is essential that you take your time and make sure that you get it shithtolesa.cf: Edubirdie. Mar 31,  · Because the introduction is the first portion of your essay that the reader encounters, the stakes are fairly high for your introduction to be successful. A good introduction presents a broad overview of your topic and your thesis, and should convince the reader that it is worth their time to actually read the rest of your essay. Note that what constitutes a good introduction may vary widely based on the kind of paper you are writing and the academic discipline in which you are writing it. If you are uncertain what kind of introduction is expected, ask your instructor. Why bother writing a good introduction? You never get a second chance to make a first impression.


Write a Great First Sentence and Introductory Paragraph


In the introduction, you are attempting to inform the reader about the rationale behind the work, and to justify why your work is essential in the field. The introduction does not have a strict word limit, unlike the abstractbut it should be as concise as possible.

For a longer research paperwhere you use an outlinehow to write a good introduction for a paper, it can be useful to structure your introduction around the outline. Here are a few outline examples. The introduction gives an overall review of the paper, but does address a few slightly different issues from the abstract.

It works on the principle of introducing the topic of the paper and setting it in a broader context, gradually narrowing the topic down to a research problemthesis and hypothesis. You should assume that your paper is aimed at someone with a good working knowledge of your particular field. A behavioral science paper only needs to mention Pavlov and Skinner in passing, as their theories are standard for any first year undergraduate. Like in any good Hollywood movie, the first task of the introduction is to set the scene.

This gives your paper a context and allows readers to see how it fits in with previous research in the field. This section, comprising the first paragraphs of your introduction, can be based around a historical narrative, chronologically outlining the very first research in the field to the current day. In many fields, this could make up an entire essay in itself, so be careful to stick to only relevant information. The background then leads into the rationale behind the research, revealing whether it is building upon previous research, looking at something that everybody else has overlooked, or improving upon a previous research project that delivered unclear results.

This section can then flow into how you are going to fill the gap, laying out your objectives and methodology. You are trying to predict what impact your research will have and the consequences of rejecting or accepting the null hypothesis. The introduction is the place to highlight any weaknesses in the experiment from the start. For example, an ideal experiment should have perfectly randomized samplesbut there are many good reasons why this is not always possible. As long as you warn the reader about this, so that they are aware of the shortcomings, then they can easily judge the validity of the research for themselves.

This is much better than making them wait until you point the weaknesses out in the discussion. You should also highlight any assumptions that you make about conditions during the research. You should set out your basic principles before embarking upon the experiment: any research will be built around some assumptions. For example, if you were performing educational research, you may assume that all students at the same school are from a very similar socio-economic background, with randomization smoothing out any variables.

By alerting the reader to the fact that these assumptions have been made, you are giving them the opportunity to interpret and assess the results themselves. After all, a weakness in your paper might later inspire another research question, so be very clear about your assumptions early on. There are a few tips that can help you write a strong introduction, arouse interest and encourage the reader to read the rest of your work. Keep it Short. A long and rambling introduction will soon put people off and lose you marks.

Stick closely to your outline for the paperand structure your introduction in a similar way. Define the Problem. The entire introduction should logically end at the research question and thesis statement or hypothesis. The reader, by the end of the introduction, should know exactly what you are trying to achieve with the paper, how to write a good introduction for a paper. In addition, your conclusion and discussion will refer back to the introduction, and this is easier if you have a clearly defined problem.

As you write the paper, you may find that it goes in a slightly different direction than planned. In this case, go with the flow, but make sure that you adjust the introduction accordingly. Some people work entirely from an outline and then write the introduction as the last part of the process. This is fine if it works for you. Check out our quiz-page with tests about:. Martyn Shuttleworth Jun 24, How to Write an Introduction.

Retrieved Sep 11, from Explorable. The text in this article is licensed under the Creative Commons-License Attribution 4. That is it. You can use it freely with some kind of linkand we're also okay with people reprinting in publications like books, blogs, newsletters, course-material, papers, wikipedia and presentations with clear attribution.

Learn how to construct, style and format an Academic paper and take your skills to the next level. Read More. Don't have time for it all now? No how to write a good introduction for a paper, save it as a course and come back to it later. Martyn Shuttleworth 1. Don't miss these related articles:. Back to Overview "Write a Paper". Full reference:. Search over articles on psychology, science, and experiments.

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How to Write an Introduction

 

how to write a good introduction for a paper

 

Mar 31,  · Because the introduction is the first portion of your essay that the reader encounters, the stakes are fairly high for your introduction to be successful. A good introduction presents a broad overview of your topic and your thesis, and should convince the reader that it is worth their time to actually read the rest of your essay. Jun 27,  · Every research paper needs context so that readers can understand why you have created it. This is exactly what you can do in your research paper introduction. Of course, this can mean that your introduction is the hardest part of paper to write first. So, it is essential that you take your time and make sure that you get it shithtolesa.cf: Edubirdie. Note that what constitutes a good introduction may vary widely based on the kind of paper you are writing and the academic discipline in which you are writing it. If you are uncertain what kind of introduction is expected, ask your instructor. Why bother writing a good introduction? You never get a second chance to make a first impression.